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The Week Ahead: Central Bank Decisions and Key Economic Data to Drive Global Markets

As the financial world braces for a pivotal week, all eyes are set on rate decisions from the Federal Reserve (Fed) and the Bank of Japan (BoJ), accompanied by a slew of significant economic data releases across various regions.

Federal Reserve: Holding Steady Amid Strong Employment Data

The Fed is widely expected to maintain its current rate range of 5.25%-5.50% during its meeting on Wednesday, June 12. This comes in the wake of a robust U.S. jobs report, which has significantly dampened expectations for imminent rate cuts. The rate futures market now prices in only one 25 basis point cut by the end of the year, likely in either November or December.

The spotlight will be on the Fed’s statement and news conference, with market participants eagerly awaiting the FOMC economic projections. Key U.S. economic data this week includes the Core Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Core Producer Price Index (PPI), which are expected to guide future monetary policy decisions.

Bank of Japan: Status Quo with a Watchful Eye on Yields

In contrast, the BoJ is set to discuss potential rate hikes, although a Reuters poll shows that 53 of 54 economists expect no change in rates for June. However, 88% anticipate yields to reach at least 0.2% by year-end. The tone of the BoJ’s statement, press conference, and any guidance on bond buying will be crucial for market interpretation. Japan’s significant data releases this week include final GDP and PPI figures.

China: Modest Inflation and Credit Growth

China is slated to publish its May inflation data on Wednesday. According to a Reuters poll, consumer inflation is expected to remain steady at 0.3%, while producer prices are projected to decline by 1.8% year-over-year, marking a slower pace compared to April’s 2.5% drop. Additionally, May credit data is expected, with new yuan loans anticipated to surge to 1.300 trillion yuan from 730 billion yuan in April.

Australia and New Zealand: Employment and Inflation Data

Australia’s May employment data, scheduled for release on Thursday, will be critical for Reserve Bank of Australia rate expectations. Persistent inflation and a tight labor market are likely to reinforce the central bank’s stance on maintaining higher rates for a prolonged period. Meanwhile, New Zealand will publish food price data, which will shape inflation expectations.

Europe: Post-ECB Decision and Political Ramifications

Following last week’s rate decision by the European Central Bank (ECB), traders will focus on the implications of Sunday’s European Parliamentary elections, which saw strong performances by far-right parties. This outcome has prompted France to call a snap election. Key European data this week includes industrial production figures, due on June 13.

United Kingdom: Comprehensive Data Release

The UK will release employment data on June 11, followed by a comprehensive data set on June 12, including GDP, industrial production, and construction output. The recent surge in the dollar index, driven by stronger-than-expected U.S. payrolls and earnings data, has pressured the pound. Market attention is now firmly on the upcoming U.S. CPI data, which will significantly influence the Fed’s policy direction.

Market Reactions and Currency Movements

Dollar Strengthens Across the Board

The dollar strengthened considerably following the release of the robust U.S. jobs report. This strength was particularly evident against risk-sensitive currencies such as the Australian and New Zealand dollars, as well as the Mexican peso. The EUR/USD pair fell sharply, nearing key support levels, while USD/JPY saw significant gains.

Euro and Sterling Under Pressure

The euro faced substantial pressure, dropping 0.78% and approaching crucial support around 1.0789. This decline was driven by a rebound in U.S. Treasury yields, which widened the yield spread between U.S. and German bonds. Similarly, the British pound fell 0.5%, edging towards its 21-day moving average. The upcoming UK labor data and U.S. CPI figures will be pivotal in determining the near-term direction for sterling.

Japanese Yen: Potential for Intervention

USD/JPY rose by 0.6% after breaking its recent downtrend, with the pair potentially targeting levels around 157.71/99 if the U.S. CPI report supports a hawkish Fed stance. These levels are significant as they align with previous Japanese intervention points.


The upcoming week promises to be a decisive one for global markets, with central bank decisions and key economic data releases set to shape investor sentiment and market trajectories. The Fed’s cautious approach, coupled with the BoJ’s steady stance, will be closely monitored, while developments in China, Australia, and Europe add further layers of complexity. As markets digest these events, the performance of major currencies and bond yields will provide critical insights into the evolving economic landscape.

Disclaimer: This is not an Investment Advice. Investing and trading in currencies involve inherent risks. It’s essential to conduct thorough research and consider your risk tolerance before engaging in any financial activities.